Is Bordeaux A Type Of Wine?

Bordeaux is a famous wine region in France that is known for its high quality and long history. It’s not just one type of wine, but many different kinds made there. These include red, white, and sweet wines made from different types of grapes like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, and Sauvignon Blanc.

The region’s special climate, soil, and land contribute to the great taste and unique qualities of Bordeaux wines. They are loved for being elegant, complex, and able to improve with age.

People have been enjoying Bordeaux wines for a long time because of these reasons. Let’s learn more about what makes Bordeaux wines special, the different kinds you can find, and why they are so respected in the world of wine-making.

Is Bordeaux A Type Of Wine?

Yes, Bordeaux is a type of wine, but it is also more than that. It comes from a famous wine-making area in France known for its many different types of high-quality wines. Bordeaux wine includes red, white, and dessert wines, each with its own special taste and style.

Key Points About Bordeaux Wine

Red Bordeaux: The most popular and commonly made wine, often made from a mix of different types of grapes like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, and Malbec. These wines are famous for being complex, deep, and can be aged for a long time.

White Bordeaux: These wines are usually made from Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle grapes. They can be dry and refreshing or sweet like dessert wines such as Sauternes.

Terroir: Bordeaux’s special environment, with its different weather, soil, and land features, really affects how good and what kind of wines it makes. The area is split into different parts, each making wines with their own unique flavors.

Classification: Bordeaux wines are put into groups based on past rankings. One group is the 1855 Médoc Classification, which has fancy estates like Château Margaux and Château Lafite Rothschild.

How Is Bordeaux Wine Is Made?

Bordeaux wine is made using careful methods that mix old ways with new ideas. Here’s a closer look at the main steps in making Bordeaux wine:

Vineyard Management

Making Bordeaux wine starts with taking good care of the vineyards. Choosing the right types of grapes is important. For red Bordeaux wine, they usually use Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, and Malbec. For white Bordeaux wine, they use Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle. Taking care of the vineyards involves careful pruning, managing the vines’ leaves, and watching out for bugs and diseases to make sure the grapes grow well.


It is really important to make sure the grapes have the right amount of sugar, acidity, and tannins when we pick them. Grapes are picked when they are fully ripe, which can change depending on the year and where they are grown. Grapes can be picked by hand, which is usually better for high-quality wines to ensure only the best grapes are chosen, or by machine for speed.

Crushing And Destemming

After picking, the grapes are crushed and the stems are removed. This is done by gently pressing the grapes to get the juice and taking out the stems, which can make the wine taste bad. The juice, skins, and seeds are mixed together to make a liquid called must, which is then ready to ferment.

Fermentation (Red Wines)

For red Bordeaux wines, the grape juice is put into tanks with the grape skins. This helps to get color, tannins, and flavors from the skins. Yeast then turns sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide during fermentation, which usually takes one to two weeks. The process is carefully watched to make sure the wine turns out how we want it to.

Fermentation (White Wines)

White Bordeaux wines are made by pressing the grapes before fermenting them to separate the juice from the skins. The juice is then fermented in either stainless steel tanks or oak barrels. This helps keep the fruity flavors of the grapes, resulting in a fresh and aromatic white wine.


Soaking the grape skins in red wine is important. It can take a few days or weeks to achieve the desired taste. This process helps extract more tannins and color from the wine, making it taste better and last longer.


After the grapes are fermented and soaked, the juice is separated from the solid parts, such as skins and seeds. Pressing is used to ensure all the juice is removed from the skins. The liquid is then cleared and moved to aging containers to mature.

Malolactic Fermentation

Some red Bordeaux wines, and a few whites, go through a process called malolactic fermentation. In this step, a type of acid in the wine changes to a different kind, which makes the wine taste smoother and more complex. This process is important for making a well-balanced and tasty wine.


Getting older is an important part of making Bordeaux wine. A lot of wines are stored in oak barrels, which give them flavors like vanilla, spice, and toast, and also help make the tannins softer by adding a little bit of oxygen. The amount of time the wine spends aging can vary from a few months to several years, depending on how the wine is supposed to taste and how good it is.


Mixing different wines and grapes together is an important part of Bordeaux wine making. By tasting and combining them, winemakers create a final product that is well-balanced and interesting. This process helps to bring out the different flavors and smells of each grape and vineyard, making the wine special.

Fining And Filtration

To make sure Bordeaux wines are clear and stable, they are often treated with fining and filtration. Fining agents get rid of unwanted particles, and filtration makes the wine clearer. These steps help make the wine look good and stay fresh in the bottle.


After the wine is ready, it gets put into bottles. Certain Bordeaux wines might age more in the bottle before they’re sold. Quality checks are done during wine-making to make sure the wine is up to Bordeaux’s high standards, which is why these wines are famous worldwide.

How Does Bordeaux Wine Taste Like?

Bordeaux red wines are bold and have flavors like black currant and plums. They can also taste like wet soil or pencil lead. The taste can vary depending on the quality and where the wine is from.

The wines have a mix of fruity and mineral flavors, with tannins that can make your mouth feel dry. These wines can age for a long time. To learn more about the special characteristics of Bordeaux wines, come on our wine tour!

When it comes to aging wine, a key tip is to look for excellent years in Bordeaux and buy enough bottles. Even cheaper wines can be good in a good year. Lately, there have been more great years, like 2015 and 2016, with wines that can age well.

How To Serve Bordeaux?

When you see Bordeaux bottles on the table, you’ll notice they look fancy with their pretty labels and green glass. Here’s what you should know about serving this wine:

  • Serve Red Bordeaux a little cooler than room temperature (around 65 °F / 18 °C).
  • Pour red Bordeaux wine into a decanter and let it sit for 30 minutes before serving.
  • Keep all your red wines in a cool place below 65 degrees Fahrenheit / 18 degrees Celsius.
  • Plan to pay approximately $25–$30 for an excellent bottle of Red Bordeaux.

Pairing Food With Bordeaux Wine

Steak and chips go well with red Bordeaux wine. The strong flavor of Bordeaux wine goes well with the savory taste of the meat. The wine’s tannins are balanced out by the fat in the dish.

Bordeaux wine tastes fruity and sweet with this rich meat dish. When choosing foods to pair with Bordeaux wine, look for dishes with lots of savory flavor and enough fat to balance out the tannins.

Don’t forget about the sweet wines. We can take you on a tour in Bordeaux to show you that sweet wines go well with local savory food.

In short, Bordeaux is a kind of wine from a special place in France. It’s famous for its great quality and many different types of wine. Bordeaux wines, like red, white, and sweet ones, are loved for their special tastes and how well they are made. This is because of how carefully the grapes are grown, how the wine is made, and the unique land where they come from. All of this has made Bordeaux wines very important in the world of wine. Knowing about Bordeaux wines lets people enjoy their long history, skilled making, and the amazing tastes they have.

Thanks for reading. I hope you find it helpful.

Read More: What Type Of Wine Is Sauvignon Blanc?

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